The gut microbiota regulates the depressive-type behaviors and inflammatory processes after severe burn injuries.

PMID: 

Heliyon. 2024 Feb 29 ;10(4):e25617. Epub 2024 Feb 10. PMID: 38380023

Abstract Title: 

The gut microbiota regulates the depressive-type behaviors and inflammatory processes after severe burn injuries in mice.

Abstract: 

An emerging number of studies have recently revealed the correlation between burn injuries and psychological disorders. Gut microbiota and inflammatory factors may play a vital role in this process. Nevertheless, there are few studies conducted to disclose the potential mechanism of the gut microbiota between depression and burn injuries. In this study, we constructed a burn model of C57BL/6 mice, which showed that the symptom of depression became more and more severe with the burn of mice lasted longer. Meanwhile, there are significant differences of composition of gut microbiota among mice before and after burn. Then, we tested the inflammatory factors in the brain and peripheral blood, which showed an increased expression of Iba1, VWF, TNF-αand IL-6, and a decreased expression of IL-10 in burn mice. In addition, the expression of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in cecum showed a down-regulation in burn mice, which indicated impaired intestinal barrier function. Lastly, the crossing fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) and cohousing experiment were conducted to determine the functions of cross-transplantation of fecal microbiota on the depressive-type behaviours in burned mice. According to the score of Tail suspension test (TST), the burn mice were divided into two groups: Resilient mice (no-depressed mice) and Abnormal mice (depressed mice). After abnormal mice were transplanted with fecal microbiota of resilient mice, the symptom of depression was improved, and the expression of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 return to normal levels ( 

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#gut #microbiota #regulates #depressivetype #behaviors #inflammatory #processes #severe #burn #injuries

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