SPS, a sulfated galactoglucan of Laetiporus sulphureus, exhibited anti-inflammatory activities.

PMID: 

Int J Biol Macromol. 2023 Jan 31 ;226:1236-1247. Epub 2022 Nov 25. PMID: 36442562

Abstract Title: 

SPS, a sulfated galactoglucan of Laetiporus sulphureus, exhibited anti-inflammatory activities.

Abstract: 

Laetiporus sulphureus is an edible and medicinal mushroom. A sulfated galactoglucan (SPS) was isolated by the papain method. Polysaccharides (PS) were isolated by hot water and ethanol precipitation. The medium molecular weight SPS of 100 to 1000 kDa accounted for over half of the SPS mixture. Fucose, galactose, glucose, and mannose were the major monosaccharides in SPS and PS. The amount of sulfate in SPS was 1.09 mmol/g. SPS showed inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) release and reversed IκB degradation in LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophages. The suppression of TNF-αsecretion by SPS was through inhibiting the phosphorylation of AKT/extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). A purified SPS, named SPS-3, was proven to inhibit the LPS-induced phosphorylation of AKT, ERK, and p-38 in RAW264.7 cells. The suppression of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) secretion by PS was through inhibiting LPS-induced phosphorylation of p-38 and TGF-βreceptor II (TGFRII) signaling pathways. This study demonstrates that the isolated SPS and PS from L. sulphureus possessed good anti-inflammatory activity for dietary supplements and functional food.

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#SPS #sulfated #galactoglucan #Laetiporus #sulphureus #exhibited #antiinflammatory #activities

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