Effect of flaxseed or psyllium vs. placebo on management of constipation, weight, glycemia, and lipids.

PMID: 

Complement Ther Med. 2018 Oct ;40:1-7. Epub 2018 Jul 10. PMID: 30219432

Abstract Title: 

Effects of psyllium vs. placebo on constipation, weight, glycemia, and lipids: A randomized trial in patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic constipation.

Abstract: 

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of baked psyllium supplementation versus those who received a placebo on constipation symptoms, body weight, glycemic and lipids control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic constipation.METHODS: In a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial, 51 patients with T2D and chronic constipation with body mass index (BMI) 20-47 kg/mreceived either 10 g of psyllium pre-mixed in cookies twice per day or placebo cookies for 12 weeks. Constipation symptoms, body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and lipid profile were determined at the beginning and end of 4, 8, and 12-week period. Constipation was evaluated with a stool diary (ROME III).RESULTS: The psyllium group showed improvement in constipation symptoms, body weight, glucose and lipid values compared with the baseline and the placebo group. Body weight and FPG decreased from baseline in the psyllium group (P 

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